Country Context

Bangladesh, due to its geophysical characteristics and the exploitation of its resources, is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change in the world. The high population density exacerbates the impact of local disasters but also the phenomenon of massive migration to cities. The Bangladesh Human Development Index of 0.58 places the country 139th out of 188. The issue of water and access to basic services is central. In fact, 19% of the country's inhabitants do not have access to a source of drinking water, and 44% do not have access to a functioning sanitation system, which results in:
  • poor health conditions, the development of diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, malaria, or parasitic worm infections. About 125,000 children under five die of diarrhea each year in Bangladesh.
  • Environmental degradation, with groundwater and surface water contamination by wastewater.
  • high inequalities and tensions among the most disadvantaged.

  • Local partners

    SHOBAR JONNO PANI (SJP) (« Water for All ») is the Bangladeshi social enterprise created in 2010 by Eau et Vie, to ensure the supply of running water in precarious neighborhoods, in partnership with local concessionaires. The SJP project is part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) defined in 2015 by the Member States of the United Nations. Access to clean water and sanitation is the theme of the sixth SDG.


    WATER AND LIFE BANGLADESH (W&L) is an NGO created by Eau et Vie, registered in the Bangladeshi office of international NGOs. It is responsible for developing training on hygiene and the environment, fire prevention and community strengthening and ensuring the implementation of improved waste collection and sanitation services. W & L conducts the surveys and measures the impact of the actions on the living conditions of the inhabitants. The NGO also carries out advocacy actions with local authorities, which are essential for the proper functioning of projects.


    The Projects

    Project History

    Since 2010, Eau et Vie has been working in Bhashantek, a slum in Bangladesh's capital, Dhaka. The social enterprise Shobar Jonno Pani (SJP) and Water and Life Bangladesh (W & L) are working hand-in-hand in the Bhashantek slum. SJP provides construction and maintenance of water systems in slums and is responsible for the distribution of running drinking water and collection of payments. For its part, W & L is developing training courses on hygiene, the environment and fire prevention, and aims to strengthen neighborhood committees and set up sanitation, fire prevention and waste collection services. The social enterprise SJP first installed the water network in the slum in 2012, in collaboration with the local NGO Water and Life Bangladesh. In 2014, a pilot project of waste management was tested. This project was rolled out in 2016 and will become mandatory for all SJP clients in 2017. At the end of 2016, half of the slum is connected to the water network. Finally, Eau et Vie launched the activities of a new program in Chittagong, the second largest city in the country.

    Current Projects

    After taking an inventory of the existing toilets, and the needs of the inhabitants in terms of sanitation, latrine rehabilitation started in Bhashantek. The first toilets are ecological (biofil) and include, access to water, electricity and people with reduced mobility. The toilets are privatized for families (maximum 12 people per toilet), who pay a fee. Gray water drainage and emptying of latrines are organized. In mid-2017, a project is in the start-up phase in Chittagong, the second largest city in Bangladesh with 2.5 million inhabitants. The local operator and the various stakeholders support the implementation of the project.

    Key Figures- Ongoing Projects

    2 projets au Bangladesh :

    • Bhashantek (Dhaka) precarious urban district, home to 3,300 families, including 1,728 households already benefiting from SJP and W & L services. In 2018, it is planned to cover the entire neighborhood
    • Urban precarious district Nine number bridge (Chittagong), where 450 families live.

    Access to drinking water at home (June 2017)

    • 1,728 households connected, nearly 7000 people.
    • 12 connected public places: 900 daily users.

    People trained in fire fighting:

    • 120 volunteers divided into 12 brigades.

    Beneficiaries of waste collection at home:

    • 615 families.

    Sanitation:

    • 5,414 km of cemented driveways.
    • 1 block of 10 ecological Biofill latrines used by 120 people.

    Community building:

    • Sessions promoting hygiene and environmental protection in the community and in schools in the inner city.
    • Organization of the "World Handwashing Day" and two "Neighborhood Cleaning Day" per year.
    • Edition of a children's book on hygiene education and communication tools on handwashing and firefighting.

    News

    A clown in Bhashantek

    A clown and laughter to raise hygiene awareness...

    Water flows!

    The people of Bhashantek are proud to have running water...

    Before running water

    "We used to get water through manual wells..."