Sanitation: a major challenge
Population explosion in big cities was not matched with development of adequate sanitation
infrastructures. The situation is even more critical in depressed urban areas with a high population
In slums, some houses are equipped with their own private toilets, but lack efficient emptying systems. Others use communal latrines or, failing that, defecate in the open. Because of almost non-existent sewerage systems, waste water and surface water stagnate in the open and spread numerous bacteria.
These almost UNBEARABLE conditions lead to numerous sanitation and environmental issues.
Eau et Vie respond
Local organizations, Water and Life Philippines and Water and Life Bangladesh, work in partnership with local authorities and business actors of the sector to implement sanitation projects, in response to specific needs expressed by slum districts.
“To reduce by half, by 2015, the percentage of people with no access to (...) basic sanitation services.”
“Reduce by two-thirds, from 1990 to 2015, the under-5 mortality rate.”
Target 7C and 4A of the Millennium Development Goals (United Nations)
Data remain alarming:
2.4 billion people have no access to adequate sanitation.
The lack of adequate sanitation in developing countries is the leading cause of under-5 mortality.
In most of the developing world, unsafe water is a greater threat to human security than violent conflicts.Source: Oxfam