Access to water: a daily struggle
In developing countries, access to running water remains a CRITICAL NEED for the most vulnerable populations. Usually abandoned by urban policies, slums do not benefit sustainable access to running water. Its inhabitants face a major problem: insufficient quantities of poor quality water. Water issues lead to numerous tensions: water is expensive, most often far from houses, difficult to carry and generates many problems and health expenses. Women and children are usually responsible for fetching water. Several times a days they must carry heavy loads between their house and the water point. Fetching water is extremely time-consuming as people face daily queuing and water cuts issues.
To remedy public services failures, alternative water access systems are implemented: hacking of official water networks, illegal water dealers, public or private wells... Network hacking degrade water pressure and quality of official networks. The whole network is thus contaminated with latrines, sewerage water, wastes... Illegal water dealers charge much higher prices compared to official prices. They are often organised into ‘mafia’ gangs, puting pressure on families. Water quality from public or private wells, or sold by illegal dealers is rarely tested but it is most often unfit for human consumption. It causes numerous diseases (diarrhea, cholera, dengue, pneumonia...).
Eau et Vie respond
Eau et Vie creates local social businesses operating in water distribution. The local company thus created, builds up water networks, distributes water throughout the slums and provides related services, including billing services and network maintenance. It aims to CONNECT EVERY HOUSEHOLD, SCHOOL AND HEALTHCARE CENTER of the area to an individual meter.
Two local social businesses were created: Tubig-Pag Asa (“Water for Hope”) in Philippines and Shobar Jonno Pani (“Water for All”) in Bangladesh.
Data are however alarming:
Over 1 billion people in the world have no access to safe drinking water.
Every 8 seconds, a child dies from a lake of safe drinking water.
2 billion people die each year from water quality related diseases.Source: Oxfam
The lowest drinking water distribution rates are recorded in subsaharian Africa (58%) and in the Pacific Rim (52%), nevertheless Asia holds the highest number of people lacking access to safe drinking water.Source: UNICEF